A: Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) programs are administered by the Risk Management Agency (RMA), which underwrites crop insurance policies for hundreds of crops and livestock in the United States. Crop insurance policies are sold and serviced by private insurance companies.
For information about insurance products available in your area, please contact a local insurance agent or one of the insurance companies that sell and service crop insurance policies in your state. RMA also has 10 Regional Offices, in various locations across the country, that you may contact for information specific to your area. Your local insurance agent can describe the different insurance products available, and the policy rates and terms. Your agent will help you choose the best coverage for your crop based on your particular farm operation and your risk management and budgetary needs.
A: Here are some of the most common mistakes that could cost the producer money:
Underreporting your planted acreage per unit - Production to count for an insured crop is derived from all planted acreage for that crop per unit, whether you reported all of the acres in that unit or not. Therefore, if you underreport your acres your yield will be artificially inflated and you will receive a lower indemnity payment.
Over reporting your planted acreage per unit - If you have over reported your acres, your production to count will be derived from all planted acreage for that crop per unit. The acreage will be reduced to the correct number of acres. Your indemnity will be slightly less due to the reduction in your total guarantee (not your per acre guarantee) and you will be refunded any overpayment of premium.
Failure to report all farm serial numbers (FSNs) planted to the insured crop - If you fail to report all of the FSNs planted to the insured crop, the unreported FSNs will not have coverage. This oversight generally seems to occur with added land, but many times occurs because the producer fails to insert the planted acreage figure under thee farm number on their acreage reporting form. The indemnity payment will be reduced.
Failure to report the production for all farm serial numbers (FSNs) - If you do not report all of your FSNs, with production information, on or before the production reporting date, the production cannot be added at acreage reporting time. The unit without production will be assigned a yield based on the variable T-yield procedure discussed previously. This yield is generally lower than the grower's actual yields. The yield guarantee will be reduced and any indemnity payment will be less.
Failure to elect "New Producer" status - If you are a new producer and fail to elect New Producer status on or before the production reporting date for the insured crop, the yield on the crop will be assigned using the variable T-yield method (a percentage of the county T-yield) instead of more favorable method of using 100% of the county t-yield. The yield guarantee will be reduced and any indemnity payment will be lower.
Failure to indicate "Added Land" on your acreage report - If you fail to indicate Added Land on your acreage report for new farms, the yield will be calculated using the variable T-yield method instead of more favorable methods. The yield guarantee will be reduced and any indemnity payment will be lower.
Harvesting the crop in a manner other than insured - If you are harvesting the insured crop in a manner other than intended without informing the crop insurance carrier and have a claim, you will have a problem. For example: the producer has insured his corn as grain, but harvest the corn as silage. If there is no actual harvested grain for the adjuster to measure, the crop must be field appraised for grain content before harvested. The adjuster cannot appraise the grain content of harvested corn silage and the production to count will be assessed at the full guarantee. No indemnity will be paid.
Destroying the insured crop without the company's approval - Production for a crop that is destroyed before the claim adjustment is made will be assessed at the full production guarantee and no indemnity will be paid.
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Visit the USDA Risk Management Agency website to find a crop insurance agent near you.